Francesco C. Marmocchi: Atlante Geografia universale preceduto da un vocabolario de’ nomi tecnici della geografia, corredato di specchi statistici delle divisioni politiche della terra, ed arricchito d’illustrazioni e di una bilancia politica del globo, per servire al Corso di Geografia Universale, Firenze: Vincenzo Battelli e figli 1838
Signature: Zh 300-5380 raro IX
Figures: Frontispiece; pl. XVI; pl. LIII; pl. LIV
The author of the atlas, Francesco Costantino Marmocchi (1805–1858), geographer and patriot of Italian Risorgimento, worked on a descriptive-statistical geography for eminently practical purposes. He was noted for his comprehensive approach to geography ‘as a science of the territory, but also as a comparative description of the economic-social conditions and modes of organization of states’ (cf. Landucci 1999, p. 387). He also curated the first Italian edition of Alexander von Humboldt’s Ansichten der Natur (1835).
The atlas displayed here was fundamentally an appendix to his Corso di geografia universale in cento lezioni. Published for the first time in 1838, it was followed by three other editions: one in Florence by Bastelli in 1846, and two in Turin by M. Guigoni in 1852 and 1857.
The modern Ukrainian territories are represented on two different maps. The first one shows, on the one hand, the former country of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth before the First Partition of Poland (1772) and, on the other hand, the coeval borders determined by the Congress of Vienna (1814–1815). The territories of Dnieper Ukraine, shown in the second map, represent European Russia. [VC]